Melanoma Skin Cancer - Teknoiot

23 Oct 2019

Melanoma Skin Cancer

Melanoma skin cancer is a type of cancer that develops in melanocytes, skin pigment cells that function as melanin-producing. Melanin is what functions to absorb ultraviolet rays and protect skin from damage. Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that is rare and very dangerous.

This condition starts with human skin and can spread to other organs in the body. The appearance of new moles or changes in existing molesis usually a common sign or symptom of melanoma. This can occur throughout the body, but some parts of the body that often experience its appearance are:

  1. Face
  2. Hand
  3. Back
  4. Legs

Melanoma has an irregular shape and more than one color. Moles affected by melanoma can feel itchy and can bleed, also, their size can exceed normal moles. To distinguish between normal moles and melanomas, ABCDE lists have been developed for people.

Credits: Alo Docter
Melanoma Skin Cancer Patients
According to WHO data, there are about 132,000 cases of melanoma appearing annually worldwide. Every 3 cases of cancer are found in one case of melanoma skin cancer and it is estimated that this will continue to increase due to the ozone layer in the sky that continues to thin. A 10 percent reduction in the ozone layer can cause an increase in the incidence of melanoma skin cancer by an additional 4500 new cases.

The risk of melanoma is greater in women under 40 years. This type of skin cancer can be fatal if not diagnosed early.

Causes of Melanoma Skin Cancer
Melanoma occurs when skin pigment cells develop abnormally. Until now, it is not known why this happened. Some people think that the cause of melanoma is caused by skin that is too often exposed to natural or artificial ultraviolet (UV) rays. But apparently, not all people who are often exposed to UV become melanoma sufferers. Researchers are still trying to find out the cause. Some factors that are known to increase the likelihood of contracting melanoma are having many moles or spots on the skin, pale skin and flammability, having family members suffering from melanoma, and those with red or blonde hair.

Melanoma Skin Cancer Diagnosis
Doctors can diagnose melanoma after a physical examination. The doctor will refer you to a dermatologist or plastic surgeon if they think you have melanoma. So if you notice a change in the shape of a mole, see your doctor immediately.

In most cases, mole tissue that is considered suspicious will be surgically removed and studied for cancer. This process is known as a biopsy. Meanwhile, to check whether the melanoma has spread to other body parts, the sentinel node biopsy procedure can also be done. 

Melanoma Skin Cancer Treatment
One of the main procedures for treating melanoma is surgery, although all types of treatments that are done depend on your condition. Surgery can be successful if melanoma is diagnosed at an early stage. But, to prevent melanoma from reappearing, you must undergo further treatment. If melanoma is not diagnosed with the most severe stage, treatment can only slow the spread of cancer and relieve the symptoms that occur. At this stage, medication is usually needed, for example, chemotherapy.

The emergence of melanoma
Melanoma may return if you have previously had melanoma. If cancer has spread and is severe, then your risk of being exposed again will increase.

You may need to have regular check-ups to monitor your health, especially if your cancer management team feels that there is a high probability that melanoma will reappear. How to check for tumors in your skin and lymph glands will usually be taught by the team of doctors on duty.

Prevention of Melanoma Skin Cancer
You can reduce your risk of melanoma by avoiding a skin from direct exposure to ultraviolet rays, both natural and artificial, although the appearance of melanoma is not always preventable. One easy melanoma prevention is to use sunscreen and wear complete clothing to protect the skin from damaging sunlight.

To increase the success of the treatment and to be able to get a diagnosis early, you are advised to check moles and spots regularly.

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