4 Factors that Increase the Risk of Mesothelioma - Teknoiot

14 Feb 2020

4 Factors that Increase the Risk of Mesothelioma

4 Factors that Increase the Risk of Mesothelioma - Mesothelioma is a type of malignant and deadly cancer that attacks a thin layer of tissue that covers most of the organs in the body or mesothelium. The lungs become the main organ that is vulnerable to mesothelioma, although it can also occur in the heart, stomach, and testicles in men. Unfortunately, it is difficult to cure this malignant cancer, although treatment can help control the symptoms.

Generally, cancer occurs when there is a change or mutation in the cell's DNA. This DNA contains instructions that tell cells what to do, while variations give cells information to grow and multiply out of control. As a result, abnormal cells accumulate and form tumors.

Even so, it is still unclear the cause of the initial genetic mutation that leads to this malignant cancer. However, it is thought that many factors influence and increase the risk. Come on, find out more!

4 Factors that Increase the Risk of Mesothelioma

What are the risk factors for mesothelioma?

Asbestos exposure is a significant risk factor for mesothelioma cases. Asbestos is a mineral that can be obtained quickly and is spread naturally in the surrounding environment. Asbestos fibers are durable and heat resistant, making them useful in a variety of applications, such as insulation, brakes, floors, and many other products.

When damage occurs, for example, in the process of mining or when removing asbestos insulation, this dust can be created. If inhaled or swallowed, asbestos fibers can settle in the lungs or stomach and irritate so that mesothelioma occurs.

That is, the condition of malignant cancer can occur other factors. Anything? Here are some of them that are at risk, namely:

  • Personal health condition. If you are exposed to asbestos directly, both at work and at home, the risk of mesothelioma increases.
  • Live with someone who is at risk of asbestos exposure. People who are exposed to asbestos carry this fiber home on skin and clothing. Years of exposure have triggered the risk of mesothelioma in those who live under one roof. Reduce the risk by taking a shower and changing clothes before leaving the office.
  • Family history. Mesothelioma can occur due to genetic factors. If your parents, siblings, or other relatives have mesothelioma, you may have the same high risk.
  • Radiation therapy to the chest. If you do radiation therapy for cancer in the chest, mesothelioma may also occur.
When pleural mesothelioma spreads in the chest, there will be pressure on the area. This can lead to complications, such as difficulty breathing, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, pain that occurs due to pressure on the nerves and spinal cord, and accumulation of fluid in the chest or pleural effusion that presses on the nearby lungs and makes you difficult to breathe. 

Prevention Can Be Done

Reducing exposure to asbestos can reduce the risk of mesothelioma. So, find out if you work in an environment that is high in asbestos exposure. Some types of work that are highly at risk of asbestos exposure such as plumbers, asbestos miners, shipyard workers, mechanics, and builders. Follow the recommended safety regulations to avoid the adverse effects of exposure and its complications.

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